Spain


Barcelona area of ​​the Pyrenees in northern Spain - which separates Spain from France - Kantabray Tagalysya mountains along the Atlantic coast. Most of the land area of ​​the plateau is about 600 meters high, but the central mountains and the Sierra Nevada is the height of Castile in Andalusia in the south of mainland Spain's highest point Mount Mvlasn holds the 3478 meters. Major Brow lands in North East Valley, Valencia Chlg·h around the East Coast, and Gvdalkvyyvyr River valley in the south. Balyar islands in the Mediterranean Sea consists of four main islands - Malyvrka (Mallorca), Mnvrka (Mynvrka), Ibiza and Fvrmntra - and seven islands are much smaller. Canary Islands, near the coast of Morocco and Western Sahara, consists of five large islands - Tenerife, Fvyrtvntvra, Kanarya expensive, Snzarvty and La Palma - plus two small islands and six smaller Jzyrkh. Tapestry Syvth cities and lands bounded on the northern coast of Morocco.  Major rivers: Tagvs (Takhv), eyebrows, Duplex, (Dvyrv), Gvadyana, Gvadlkvyyvyr.  highest point is Mount Artfah Tyydh the 3716 meters in the Canary Islands.  Climate: Hot summers and mild winters in south East of Srzkmyn with a Mediterranean climate. Central dry zone, with hot summers and cold winters, the climate has varied. Pyrenees mountains cold climates and mountainous North West (Galicia), with cool summers are humid weather the Atlantic.


Major cities: Barcelona, ​​Valencia, Svylya, Saragvza, Malaga, Bylybayv, Las Palmas Kanarya two guns, Valladolid, Murcia, Cordoba, Palamadv Malyvrka, Granada, Vigo, Alicante, Haypytlt (part of Greater Barcelona), Gijon, La Coruna Cadiz, Vitoria , Badalvna (a large part of Barcelona), Oviedo, Santander, Mostoles (a large part of Madrid), both Tenerife Santa Cruz, Pamplona, ​​Salamanca, Sabadell (part of a large Barslvany), topping the Dalai Frantra, Elche, Donostia San Sebastian, Lgans (part The Great Madrid), Kartakhna, Bvrvgvs
Area: 504,782 sq km
Geographical coordinates: 40 degrees north and 4 degrees west

Government
Spain's government is a constitutional monarchy. Kurtz (Parliament) Mtshkb Vmjls Vklast the Senate. The Senate has 208 senators - 4 out of 5 people Balyaryk Islands, Canary Islands, and 2 of 6 patients Syvth and fabrics - that all adults vote for four years plus the 46 senators who are elected by the Autonomous regions are elected indirectly. The House has 350 members who are lawyers appointed by the number of representatives to be elected directly by the population of each district for four years. The king's prime minister (council) that appoints the majority of the support is Kurtz. Prime Minister and Council of Ministers (cabinet) which appoints lawyers accountable to Parliament.  major political parties include: • Social worker • Popular Unity (Conservative) • United Left (left-wing coalition of the Communist Party) • Democratic and Social Centre (moderate) • alliance (Catalan) • and Harry Batasvta (Basque) Aznvahy each has its own autonomous legislature. Autonomous regions, autonomous region of Spain called Area (square kilometers) center Saragvza Aragon Asturias 47669 10565 78268 Oviedo Svylya Andalusia (Seville) Akstrmadvra Merida 41602 Vitoria Islands Basque Balyar 7261 5014 7273 Las Palmas and Santa Cruz Palma and Tenerife, Canary Islands, Catalonia Dvmalyvrka 31930 Valladolid Castile - Lamansha Kantabrya production 79,226 29,434 5,289 Santander Santiago Galicia Madrid Murcia 11317 Murcia Navarh Dvkvmpvstla Laryvkha 5034 Lvgvvnyv Madrid 7995 (Navara) 10421 Valencia 22305 Valencia, Pamplona Spanish territories in North Africa named lands surrounding area (square kilometers) center Syvth 19 Syvth Tapestry 14 Tapestry

Joined: United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty, of Europe, the Western European Union, Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Council of Europe, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

History
Spain during the second half of the nineteenth century witnessed a series Mbarh liberal monarchists and republicans ready Extremist left and right of the army had to intervene. Karlyst wars (1833 to 1839, 1849 and 1872 to 1876) Fans of Queen Isabella II (1830 to 1904) - daughter of Ferdinand VII - to counter the claims of Don Carlos and his descendants began. Isabella was overthrown in the 1868 revolution, followed by a short period of the reign of a prince of the kingdom of Liberal Italy (1870 to 1873) and a short experience of the Republic in 1873 and 1874 occurred. In the final decades of the nineteenth century anarchist violence, unrest crisis workers, pressures for local autonomy, and the growing opposition to the increasingly unstable political situation of the clergy. The Spanish-American War in 1898 and the last significant colonies - Cuba, the Philippines, Guam and Pvyrvtvrykv - lost. The proud Spanish empire into Spain stiffness injuries and was led to doubts about whether the constitutional monarch Alfonso XIII (1886 to 1941) the ability to provide dynamic leadership thought that Spain needs. Spain in World War I, during my social tensions increased, remained neutral. Growing disillusionment of government, parliament and political parties led to a military coup in 1923 led by General Miguel Primo two-Rivera (1870 to 1930) it took to get this support. However, many forces lined the risk of civil war in the reign of Alfonso forced to resign (1931) did. Peace was short-lived successor republics. No longer the political extremists - left and right - preparing the Second Spanish Republic had no authority to impose inefficiency and lack of evidence. In 1936 the nationalist army generals rose against newly elected Republican government. Nationalists led by General Francisco Franco (1892 to 1975) and with the support of Germany and Italy, with the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War fought hard. Franco's victory in 1939 and dominating - Kvydylyv - Spain's government was Nyvfashyst. Political freedoms were restricted and from 1942 to 1967 Kurtz (parliament) was elected Mstqmya. Spain remained neutral in World War II, however, Germany was owed. After the anti-Franco Spain in 1945 with the Communist emphasized - a policy which gained some acceptance of his regime by the West during the Cold War international order. In 1969, Juan Carlos Franco grandson of Alfonso XIII (1938) announced his successor. Monarchy after Franco's death (1975) was restored and the king transition to democracy through facilitating the new constitution in 1978. In 1981, Juan Carlos played an important role in neutralizing the military coup. 198 Spain joined the North Atlantic Treaty and be elected socialist government. Since 1986 the country has been a member of the Society of Europe. Despite some autonomous region of Spain granted from 1978 onwards, still grappling with the struggle for local autonomy - for example Catalonia - and the violent Basque separatist movement (ETA) is.

Defense
The armed forces: 400/257 (1991) plus 000/63 paramilitary Civil Guard. Military Service: 9 months.

Education
Literacy rate: 97% of compulsory school age 6 to 16 years. Total of 37, including a par with the University and Polytechnic University 3.

Economy
More than 15% of the labor force is engaged in agriculture. Primary cultures of barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, citrus and grapes (for wine) is. Pasture land for cattle is at about 20%. 1960 was the rapid development of manufacturing industries, large industries are now motor vehicles, steel, shipbuilding, chemical and engineering as well as an increasing interest in the field of telecommunications and electronics in there. Foreign investors are encouraged to establish a new industry, but the unemployment rate remains high. Banking and commerce and tourism industry is a major source of foreign exchange earnings. 000/000/50 of foreigners in Spain and their view of the beach resorts in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands and Balyar are deployed. The Group of Seven countries, Spain has the highest GDP in the world.