Peru


Irrigated narrow and shallow coastal waters. Andes Mountains (which will be referred to the land area) in three parallel strings that stretch from north to south, nearly two-thirds of the area of ​​the Peruvian rainforest (called Selva) comprises the Amazon basin.  Major rivers: the Amazon, Avkayly, Napv, Maranyvn.  highest point: the lack Avaskaran, 6768 m.  Climate: subtropical desert climate of great variety - due to the Humboldt current, such as the Alps, the Andes, and the tropical rainforest of Selva with heavy rainfall.


Major cities: Arkypa, Callao, Trujillo, Chykapv, Pyvra
Area: 1,285,220 sq km
Coastline: 2,414 km
Geographical coordinates: 10 ° South and 76 ° West

Government
President and National Congress (Senate consists of 60 members and a House of Representatives with 180 members) vote of all adults are elected for five years. Council president appoints the prime minister is the leader.  major political parties include: • American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (left-wing) • Democratic Front (moderate to right leaning) • Left Socialist Left ally  Kambyv 90.

Joined: United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Association of Unity of Latin America, the Andean Pact

History
In many parts of South America to the Spanish viceroy of Peru from Lima was ruled territory. In 1821, after the capture of Lima, San Martin, Argentina declared its independence, but the Spanish forces did not leave the country until 1824. Peruvian independence was a major landowner in the political domination. Kastyla under Gen. Ramon (from 1844 to 1862) and civil law countries progress was achieved in the early twentieth century, but it has been common instability and military coups. Proud of the Union into a war with Bolivia and Chile (1879 to 1993), which leads to loss of nitrate deposits in southern tour, but victory against Ecuador (1941), thereby achieving the Amazon territory. Reform of the military government in 1968 with the aim of improving labor land reform program and the Indians began, but in 1975 the military in the face of growing economic problems that tended to shift right. The 1980 elections were held on a regular basis, but due to the economic recession and the growth of radical leftist guerrilla movement "Shining Path" Peru's democracy was still fragile. In 1992, the president unleashed and the constitution suspended and arrested opposition leaders. The main opposition parties boycotted the next election. After holding Bymal Gvzman leader "Shining Path" guerrilla activity decreased in 1992.

Defense
Armed forces total: 000,105 (1991). 000.70 plus paramilitary police, military service: 2 years Selective.

Education
Literacy rate: 1/85% (1990). Compulsory school age 6 to 15 years. Total of 25 national universities and 10 private universities (which 2 of them are Catholic).

Economy
About a third of the workforce is engaged in agriculture. Subsistence farming is prevalent in areas far from the sea, near the coast is more important export products. Most cultures including coffee, sugar cane, cotton and potatoes for the preparation of coca and cocaine. Sheep, llama, and alpaca Vykvna for Pshmshan are grown. Abundant natural resources including silver, copper, coal, gold, iron ore, oil and phosphate. The fishing industry in 1971 (which was the largest in the world - has been declining. Combination of natural disasters, high birth rates, and guerrilla warfare decline in export value to the economy has a great Ltmh.