France


Masyf Centrale (Central Grankvh) - plateau of ancient rocks, which is 2000 meters high - the median occupied France. The Grankvh is surrounded by four major posts in total makes up nearly two-thirds of the country's total area. Paris Basin - the largest of these lands - fertile plains and through mountain ranges and high plateaus divided, but because of the Seine and its branches constitute the entire unit. Long and narrow valley in the East Central Masyf Rennes - Sun, located on the West side of the Valley to the Atlantic Lvar wide. The Aquitaine Basin is located in south-central West we Seif, who is widely Garvn breadbasket and its branches in the current. Discontinuous ring is surrounded by the mountains of France. North West Grankvh Rmarakan (Brtany) to 411 meters high. South West Spain Pyrenees are the natural border. Alpine mountains in the South East, France and Italy from the highest peak in Europe (outside of the Caucasus Mountains) is located. Zhvra lower elevations of the mountains - in the East - the barrier between France and Switzerland, while the Paris Basin Vzh mountains separating the Rhine Valley. In the North East, the mountains of Jordan from Belgium into France along. Kress Grankvhy ancient Mediterranean island which is 1270 meters high.  Major rivers: Ron, age, Garvn, Sun.  highest point: Mont Blanc, 4807 m.  Climate: hot summers and moderate winters south of the country has a Mediterranean climate. The rest of France has a temperate climate, although the East of the continent is closer Tabstanhayy warmer winters are colder. Moderate rainfall is lowest and the highest mountains and rain in the Paris Basin.


Major cities: Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Nantes, Toulon, Grenoble, Nice, Strasbourg, Rouen, Valansyn, Kahn, Lance, age Etienne, Nancy, Tours, concrete, Clermont - Ferrand, Le Havre, Rennes, Orleans, our cocoon, Dijon, Rennes, Nzhh, mounts - LA - Zhaly, Brest, Dvyh, Dunkirk, Luhmann,
Area: 547,030 sq km
Coastline: 3,427 km
Geographical coordinates: 46 degrees north and 2 degrees east

Government
Executive power is vested in the president, for a period of seven years, he shall be elected by vote of all adults. President, the prime minister is elected by the Council - both of which are accountable to Parliament - but the president and not the prime minister who has presided over the Council. Parliament consists of two houses. The Senate has 321 members - 296 members representing the dependent territories and French overseas departments - that the municipal, regional and local are selected. 12 senators will be elected by the remaining French citizens living abroad. Senators serve for nine years and one third of them retire every three years. The National Assembly consists of 577 members - including 12 in behalf of the overseas departments and territories - for a period of five years with a single electoral vote to all adults from field representatives are elected, the majority of business In the first stage, second stage, each candidate elections for candidates who have gained the most votes will be held.  Yartnd of political parties: • Socialist Party • Social Republic (Glyst conservative) • Union for French Democracy (moderate) • Communist Party • National Front (right-wing)  1982, 96 departments of France's 22 regional grouping The result is that each region has a stronger local government.  French name of the area (square kilometers) center of Bordeaux, Alsace Aquitaine 41308 8280 26013 Clermont-Ferrand Avvrny Strasbourg 12012 Paris Ile de France Rennes Bvrgvny Brtany 27208 31582 32082 Nantes Dijon Provence Pyrenees Southern R. Kohut Dazvr Dvlalv following Pvatyh 31400 45348 19399 Toulouse little Picard yen Ron - Alpine Lyon 43698 39151 Orléans cross bubbly - Jordan Kress Bzansvn 8680 16202 25606 Rennes Fransh Conte Zhaksyv Langdvk - Rvsyvn moon cocoon 27376 23547 Nancy-Lorraine region name Area (sq km) 17,589 Kahn Lower Normandy Upper Normandy Centre lemon Limoges 12,317 16,942 women young Rowan 12414  Calais Lille overseas departments of the two overseas departments of the French Republic. Department Name Area (sq km) Guadalupe Center (a group of Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe Islands Ladzyrad German, Les Saint Marie Glant and distant islands of St. Martin and St. Barthelme). 1.780 kg m - Guadeloupe and nearby islands depend 1.706 square kilometers, 21 square kilometers Barthelme age-old Buster Martin, 53, 38,000 square kilometers (14,000 cities). (St. Barthelme Gvstavya center and center Mario St. Martin's) French Guiana (territory located between Brazil and Suriname) 90,000 Kyle Martinique (an island in the Caribbean), 1100 Jan de France Reunion (an island in the southern Indian Ocean) territorial assembly assembly  2,512 old Dennis territory - the legal status of the Department of Land beyond the mainland - is part of the French Republic. Name accumulation area (square kilometers) center in Mayotte (island of the Comoros) 376 Dzayvdzy St. Pierre and Miquelon (two main islands and six small island on the south coast of Newfoundland) 242: St. Pierre called the French overseas territories  Land area (km squares) poly Center Nzy France (including the Pacific Islands, Australasia five Algerian Assembly, Marquesas and gambiae) Papyty 4200 (Tahiti Island) New Caledonia (New Caledonia and its affiliated islands - Lvyalth, Ile De Pins and Assembly Algeria Blp - located in the South Pacific.) 19103 Noumea Territories French Southern and Antarctic (Southern territories including Algeria Assembly and two small islands in the southern Indian Ocean.) Kerguelen Algeria Assembly of 18.130 square kilometers, Cruise Algerian Assembly 1.295 square kilometers, 155 square km Amsterdam Island, St. Paul Island Wallis and Futuna Islands France au 18 square kilometers (two small Algerian Assembly in the Pacific), 274 square kilometers - King Avvya 159 square kilometers, 64 square kilometers Sygav kingdom, the kingdom of prunes 51 square kilometers. Mataavtv (in Avvya)
 

History
Life Second Empire (1852 to 1870) was a French defeat the power of Napoleon III (nephew of Napoleon I) in 1870 and 1871 with the Franco-Prussian War ended. After the defeat of the Third Republic was established Vblafaslh the Paris Commune, the establishment of Radical Republicans, socialists and the capital of the autonomous communes had faced. In May 1871, the Commune was suppressed with bloodshed and 20,000 of its members were killed or executed. Continuing debate over the role of religion in government - especially the education of religious or non-religious - to separate religion and state in 1905, which ultimately did not end. The extent of the French colonial empire in the nineteenth century, particularly in Africa, North East Asia and the Pacific reached its maximum. The Third Republic in France spat over its borders. Alsace-Lorraine in 1870 but lost in 1918 after the First World War (1914 to 1918) was obtained again, and during the trench war in northern France caused numerous casualties. Georges Clemenceau (1841 to 1929) - in which the prime minister, who led France - in 1919 when French voters felt harsh peace terms for Germany is extremely lightweight, power is lost. In France between 1919 and 1939 characterized by instability and frequent changes it. In 1936, Leon Blum (1872 to 1950), the Leadership Alliance (socialist - communist - Radical) "Popular Front" came to power and many important social reforms were enacted. In World War II (1939 to 1945), Germany quickly defeated France in 1940 and in 1942 the country was fully occupied. Philip Marshall Patton (1865 to 1951) based in Vichy collaborationist regime ruled by the Germans, while General Charles de Gaulle (1890 to 1970) to 1940 "Free French Forces" led in exile. In 1944 the Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France looking for a free tour. After the war, the Fourth Republic (1946 to 1958) Caught instability and the Suez Crisis (1956) was the - when the crisis of the French and British were trying to prevent the nationalization of the Suez Canal by the Egyptians - the nationalist revolts in colonial times In some of the colonies, especially in Vietnam - where French colonial forces in religion Communists defeated the FU in 1954 - and Algeria. Algeria unrest - including riots and fighting the French call them terrorist organization known as the Army of the series - and led to the end of the Fourth Republic, General de Gaulle came to power in 1959. Two goals in as first president of the Fifth Republic, the independence of Algeria in 1962 conceded. At the same time, the collapse of the French colonial empire, the place in Western European countries, especially in Europe, with active participation in society, was being strengthened. However, de Gaulle with the development of nuclear power in France and the French forces command structure of the North Atlantic Treaty, the United States tried to pursue an independent foreign policy. De Gaulle returned to France after the economic and political stability, but internal dissent - including the student revolt in May 1968 - continued his resignation in 1969. Two general policy goals to his successor Georges Pompidou (president from 1969 to 1974) and Valerie Zhyskardstn (president from 1974 to 1981) was followed. Under François Mitterrand (born 1916) was elected in 1981, the rate continued to modernize France. Although socialists defeated in national elections in 1993.


Education
Literacy rate: 100%. Compulsory school age 6 to 14 years. Number of universities: 70 universities plus 3 National Polytechnic equivalent.

Economy
Nearly two-thirds of French soil is cultivated. Important products include cereals (wheat, maize, barley and rice), dairy products and sugar beets and grapes for wine production is a mantle. France in terms of their agricultural Kfast overdone, so this is the only tropical fruit and imported animal feed. But despite the alliance and cooperative efforts, a small piece of cultivated land remains a problem. Tree planting and reforestation wood now will help ensure the future of the industry. Natural resources include coal, iron ore, copper, bauxite, tungsten, oil and natural gas and hydroelectric power plants has adequate facilities. French major industries include textiles, chemicals, steel, food, auto, aircraft mechanics and electrical engineering. French firms have traditionally been small, but the integration of the larger companies are able to compete internationally. Now, France, Germany, Japan and the United States is the world's fourth industrial power. During the late 1980s, many state-owned enterprises were privatized. More than half of the workforce, particularly in the service sector and government, banking, finance and tourism industry there.