China


The third area is the first in China in terms of population in the world. Almost half of China, mostly in the West, is a mountain range consisting of, including Altai Mountains and their protein Synjyang Kvnlvn Uighur and Tibet to the north. Tibetan plateau - 3000 meters altitude - less water. Tibet is located in the south of the Himalayas, with 40 peaks over 7,000 meters in height, while in the extreme north-east ridge of hills and plains in the northeast, which is often called Manchuria, almost is in the can. Mountains and hills of Nan ling through a series of ponds in central China's Yellow river (Huang hee) and Yangtze (Chang Jiang) is separated. In East and Central China, three large areas of lands - the plains of Central China, North China Basin Schvan and flat plains - Agriculture is concentrated in densely populated. Plateau in Inner Mongolia - the Gobi desert in it - and deserts and Tarim Basins in North West Svngary, Padrkhty Phnhavry plateau is due to the narrow valleys that are deeply split.  Major rivers: Yangtze (Chang Jiang), Huang Hay (Yellow River), Syjyang (Sykyang day or pearls), Hilu Ngkyang (Amur).  highest point: Mount Everest summit, 8863 m.  Climate: In general, the north-south temperature, and rainfall increases from North West to South East. North East China, with hot, humid summers, cold winters and rainfall less than 750 mm long and has a variety of climates. Lands in central China's warmest regions of China is between 750 and 1100 mm of rainfall in this region. Rainfall is higher in the south, while the extreme southern subtropical areas and is exposed to winds. Eolian continental shelf in winter and cool in summer, warm and rainfall is less than 500 mm. North West has cold winters with little water and temperature variation. West of Tibetan, Uyghur Synkyang, Kansv and Inner Mongolia - the height and distance from the sea is violent weather - rain is a little more than two months in Tibet is no freeze.



Major cities: Shanghai, Tianjin (Tien Tysnn), Wuhan, Shenyang, Guangzhou (Canton), Chongqing, Harbin, grab you, CNN, Nanjing (Nankyng), Zibo, Dalian (Darin), Chang Chun , Jinan, Qingdao (TAO Tsyng), Tai Yuan, Zheng Zhou, Kun Ming, telling Yang (Yang Cui), Tang Shan, Zhou Lan (Lan Chow), Anshan, Shen Zhen, cake Haar (Haar Tsy Tsy), Fushun , Hang Zhou, Nan Chang, Chang Sha, Shyjya Zhuang (Chuang Shyhkya), Fvshv (Fvchv), Jilin (Kirin), Hvaynan, Lvyvyang, Arvmchy, Datong, Handan, Ningbo, Nan Ning, Baotou (Payvtv): Lvpayy laundering Zhao Zhuang, Lin Yi-Ping Liang, Sin Tao, Yan Cheng, Yvlyn, where Chao, Guang Dong, Syayvgan, Svynyng, Ssntay, Poyang, Bvzhv, Zhong Shan Lai, Lshan, Hz·h, lines, Chang and Chang us show.
Area: 9,596,960 sq km
Coastline: 14,500 km
Geographical coordinates: 35 degrees north and 105 degrees east

Government
Representative of the National People's Congress in 2978 for a period of five years, Congress mood 22 provinces and 5 autonomous region of the People's Liberation Army's third metropolitan area and choose. A permanent committee of the congress, president (for a period of five years), the country's prime minister and the Council (or cabinet) selects all of which are accountable to Congress.  The only legal party, the party Central Committee Political Bureau, which will pick and choose which are the two bodies are in the effective power. General Secretary of the Communist Party: Jiang Zemin.  The United States called China Area (sq km) 139,900 Hvfy Anhui Center Beijing (Beijing) (U.S. city) 17,800 zin Tsyn Beijing (Tianjin) (state, city) Tsyn Tien 4000 (Tianjin) Chkyang (J Jiang) 101 800 Huang Chu (Hong Zhou ) Qinghai (Kyng·hay) 721 000 569 000 Synyng Schvan your grip (both hands) Syzang (Tibet) (sovereign states) 1221600 Lasa Synjyang Uyghur (Synkyang) 1646900 Arvmchy Shantvng (Shandong) 153300 Tsynan (Jinan) chance that Shanghai 157100 Tai Yu (State urban) 5.800 Cyan Fokin (Fujian) Fvchv 123.100 (Fvshv) Kansv (Gansu), 530.000 Chu Lan (Lan Zhou) Kvangtvng (Guangdong) Gvngzhv 197.900 (Canton) Kvychv (Gvyzhv) 174000 dormitory Young (Young sphere) Kyangsv (Jiangsu) 102.200 Nankyng (Nanjing) Kyangsy (Jyangsy) 164.800 Nanchang Kirin (Jilin) ​​Changchun 187000 Guangxi Chuang (autonomous province) 220.400 151.000 Liaoning Shenyang Nan Ning Nyy Mong-con (Inner Mongolia, an autonomous state) Hvhvt 450.000 (Hvhh Hvt) Nyngsya suddenly (an autonomous state) 170.000 33.570 Yynchvan Hain Happy Haiku (Hebei) 202.700 Shychya Chuang (Shyjyazhvang) Henan 167000 Cho Chang (Zhang Zhou) Hopi (Hubei) 187.500 210.500 Wuhan, Changsha, Hunan Hylvngkyang (Heilongjiang) 463.600 436 Harbin Greece. 200 Kunming


History
China at the turn of the century was in disarray. Greed of foreign powers for commerce and the great insurrection of vast areas of the country outside of the control of the central government had undermined the authority of the emperor was in the nineteenth century. The Revolution of 1911 led by the Kuomintang (Gvmyn Tang or Nationalists) led by Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhong Shan, 1866 and 1925) took place, the last emperor of the dynasty was overthrown Mnchv. Nationalists in the South (where the Sun had set up a republic in 1916) were strong in the north was ruled by the militant leaders were faced with a problem. Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Shi place in 1887 and 1975), Sun's successor, launched attacks in the north, but the weakening of the Communist Party was emerging. Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong, in 1893 and 1967) Communist leader after a series of disastrous civil commotion, force focused on rural areas. Mao then forced to retreat from Kyangsy in 1934, his followers traveled 9,000 kilometers, known as the great march, which lasted 12 months and led to a range of remote Shnsy. In 1931 the Japanese conquest of Manchuria and established the puppet regime. After the Japanese invasion of China in Beijing and most beaches in 1937, Chiang and Mao were united against the occupation, but some donors success against superior forces. After World War II, the Soviet Union, Communist China tried to secure power. In 1946, Mao invaded Manchuria and inner conflict that began in 1949 continued. This year in Beijing, People's Republic proclaimed by Mao and Chiang fled to the island of Taiwan, where the Nationalist government was formed. 1950 Chinese forces in Tibet - an independent state since 1916 - occupied. Repressive communist regime's resentment of the Tibetan religious leader the Dalai Lama were loyal in their revolt began in 1959, which was unsuccessful. The Korean War "volunteers" at the Chinese North Korean Communists were active from 1959 to 1953. Several Chinese border conflict, including dealing with the Soviet Union in the late 1950s, with India in 1962 and Vietnam in 1979 has been caught. In the late 1950s, relations with the Soviet Union for ideological conflicts about the true nature of communism was worse. Relations between China and the Soviet Union Gap Accelerated research on nuclear weapons of China - China's first atomic bomb was tested in 1964 - and the rapprochement between China and the United States began in the early 1970s. "Great step forward" ambitious program for political change in the 1950s, largely failed. In the 1960s, Mao tried again with more radical revolutionary ideas spreading the Cultural Revolution. Students fighters to attack the hierarchy of the group known as the "Red Guards" were formed. Students with uncontrollable thousands were killed and the army was forced to re-establish order, since the death of Mao (1967), China under Deng actually Shyayvpyng (born 1904) has been, though none of the important national party positions not responsible. Both inside and outside for a more cautious approach has come under renewed rapprochement with the Soviet Union in 1989, and the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997, the United Kingdom agreed has been made. China opened its doors on technology and foreign investment, but also a degree of activity was allowed free trade to domestic pressure for political change and a massive pro-democracy protests by the students and workers culminated 1,989th . The student protests and massacre in Tian field Maine (June 1989), was violently repressed. Extremist leaders were more influential. Economic development is a priority in the 1990s. Standard of living is very high, and very high rates of economic growth in southern and Shanghai have seen. Old political leadership but also of denying basic human rights. UK proposal to extend suffrage in Hong Kong - which is a British colony returned to China in 1997 - Relations between China and Britain have threatened.

Education
Literacy rate: 3/73% (1990 estimate). Compulsory school age education is not compulsory but is available for ages 7 to 17 years. Nine-year compulsory education program that is to be established in 1995. Number of universities: 79 public university, a private university, plus 45 aligns with the University's Institute.

Economy
Three-quarters of the labor force is engaged in agriculture. All products are produced in larger scale farms, while still inefficient traditional methods and will exist feet. Nearly two-thirds of the arable land is irrigated, China's largest producer of rice in the world. Other major crops include wheat, corn, sweet potatoes, sugarcane and soybean. Livestock, fruits, vegetables, and fishing are also important, but China still has failed to bring all its nutritional needs. Mineral and fuel resources of the country and is often underdeveloped. These resources include large reserves of coal, oil, natural gas, iron ore, bauxite, tin, antimony and manganese production, and hydroelectric power has great potential. The economy of the state and all Karkhan own government. Petrochemical products makes up nearly a quarter of China's exports. Other important industries include iron and steel, cement, vehicles, fertilizer, food, clothing and textile. Recent five-year program to modernize and reform has promoted a policy of "open doors" cooperation with other countries and is used under the degree of foreign loans is business activities of the promotion. Most of these investments were devoted to light industry and textile. Special economic zones and "open cities" to encourage industrial relations with the West and South Central Coast regions were created. Although the pro-democracy movement in 1989 due to a decline in foreign investment stopped progress, achieved sustained economic growth in southern China, especially in Guangdong, where the new city of Shenzhen (near Hong Kong) Development Center the industry.