Brazil


Water almost half of Brazil's largest river system in the world, the Amazon, the sea cycle. Despite the pressure on land has led to extensive deforestation. Wide and low-lying Amazon basin is still largely covered by tropical rain forest. In the northern Amazon basin, Brazil includes the highest peak heights Gvyyna. The central plateau is covered with tropical grasslands of the southern basin. East and south of the country is made up of Brazil's land - a vast plateau with fertile valleys and mountain ranges are divided. Narrow coastal plain at the foot of this land with high population densities are high.  Major rivers: the Amazon, Paran, Sayvfransyskv, Madeira, Jvrva, Purus.  Highest point: 3014 meter peaks Nblyna.  Climate: tropical Amazon basin and the southeast coast, and rainfall is heavy. The rest of Brazil or subtropical or temperate (in the central grasslands) is. North East is only insufficient precipitation


Major cities: Sao Paulo Ayglvasv, Belem
Area: 8,511,965 sq km
Coastline: 7,491 km
Geographical coordinates: 10 ° South and 55 ° West

Government
Under the provisions of the 1988 constitution, the president - who would appoint a cabinet and its head - a period of five years for all adults to vote in the election. National House of Representatives has 503 members who are elected for four years by voting compulsory for all adults. Another 91 members of parliament (Federal Senate), directly elected for a period of eight years and one-third to two-thirds of pensioners are alternately every four years. Each of the 26 states and the Federal Brasilia has its own legislative assembly.  major political parties include: • Brazilian Democratic Movement (moderate) • Liberal Front (moderate) • National Reconstruction Party (Conservative) • Labour (Socialist) • Democratic Labour Party in the 1993 referendum and the parliamentary system as well as a return to monarchy denied and affirmed the present presidential system.  states and territories of Brazil state name, area (sq. km) shy Center Ryvbrankv 152,589 1,564,445 Manayvz Espiritu Santo Amazonas Lagvas massive 27,731 45,597 561,026 Vitoria Salvador Bahia Belem Para 1,250,722 199,554 Paraíba Parana in Curitiba Prnambvkv Pasva Zhvayvn 56,372 98,281 250,934 Recife Pyayvyy Trzyna Rvndvnya Tocantins Palmas 277 322 243 044 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande Southern Pvrtvvlyv 44,268 53,015 150,630 Syara Fortaleza Natal Sao Paulo Sao Paulo Santakataryna 247,898 95,985 21,994 Floriano police Srzhyph Rakazhv Gvyas Goiania Maranayv 364,770 328,663 881,001 Cuiaba Sayvlvyys Matvgrvsv Matvgrvsvy southern Minas Zhrays 587 172 350 548 Kampvgrandh Blu Hvryzvnt Mapa (land) 140,276 federal Makapa (Dystrytv Federal) 5814 Brasilia Rvrayma (land) 230,104 Bvyavysta Fernando Nvrvna (land) 26 island territories that the country is run. Joined: United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Association of Latin American unity, the southern market

History
Brazil was the former Portuguese possessions gained independence in 1822. Long reign of the emperor and the father Azadmanesh stability and continued economic growth. Opposition from landowners (angry at the abolition of slavery in 1888) and the military (who were excluded from political power) was the result of a coup in 1889. Second, the Federal Republic father was forced to return Bhtsfa. The First Republic was stable, but increased social unrest and in 1930 was acquired Zhtvlyv Vargas power. Italy Mvsvlyy Vargas was trying to put the model to Brazil, in 1945, but was overthrown by the military. Vargas, with winning elections in 1950 and again in 1954, but the president preferring suicide to take charge of the creation of the Dvltyhay short period of civilian, military power, once again took 1964 and 1985, the During this time, the economy developed rapidly, but social and political rights were limited. Brazil returned to civilian rule in 1985 and Brazil in 1990 for the first time in 29 years were able to participate in the presidential election. The country is facing difficulties related to the development of the Amazon basin and the other needs to be development-oriented and landless peasants and indigenous tribal interests and environmentalists on the other hand should be in mind.

Economy
About one fourth of the labor force engaged in agricultural states. The main exports include coffee, sugar cane, soybeans, oranges, beef and cocoa. Wood had a role in the past, but now it's all about the business environment is limited. With the rapid industrialization of Brazil in 1945, the country has emerged as a major producer. Although the textile and apparel products to the food industry is still the largest. Industry, iron and steel, chemicals, petroleum refining, cement, power, automotive and Kvdsazy Jmlgy have gained international authorities. Brazil has a very rich natural resources - some of them still are not derived - including iron ore, phosphates Avranyv, copper, manganese, bauxite, coal and hydroelectric power production potential is huge. In the past two decades, progress has been intractable inflation.